# Some Known Factual Statements About Money To Bitcoin

Let's say you had one legit $20 and one quite good photocopy of the same $20. If someone were to try to spend both the true bill and the imitation one, someone who took the trouble of looking at both of the invoices' serial numbers would see that they were exactly the same number, and consequently one of them had to be false.

That isn't a great analogy--we will explain in more detail below. .

Once a miner has confirmed 1 MB (megabyte) worthiness of Bitcoin transactions, they are entitled to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was set by Satoshi Nakamoto, and is a matter of controversy, as some miners believe the block size should be increased to accommodate more information.

Note that I stated that verifying 1 MB worth of transactions makes a miner qualified to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who supports transactions will get paid off.

1MB of transactions can theoretically be as small as 1 transaction (though this is not at all common) or a few thousand. It depends on how much information the transactions take up.

In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to fulfill two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.

2) You have to be the first miner to reach the perfect answer to some numeric problem. This practice is also known as an evidence of work.

The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You might have heard that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that is not true in any way. What they're actually doing is trying to be the first miner to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") that is less than or equal to the hash.

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The bad news: Since it is guesswork, you need a good deal of computing power in order to get there . To mine successfully, you need to have a higher"hash rate," which is measured in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).

If you want to estimate how much Bitcoin you could mine along with your mining rig's hash rate, the website Cryptocompare provides a very helpful calculator.

Either way a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands. Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--buy individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a see page low-cost way to cobble together mining operations. The photo below is a makeshift, home-made mining machine. The graphics cards are such rectangular cubes with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the pictures cards to the metal pole.

Example: I tell three friends I'm thinking about a number between 1 and 100, and that I write that number on a piece of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't have to guess the exact number, they simply must be the first person to guess any number that's less than or equal to this number I am thinking of.

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Let us say I am thinking about the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they lose because 21>19. If Friend B guesses 16 and Friend C supposes 12, then they have both theoretically arrived at viable answers, since 16<19 and 12<19. There's no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was nearer to the target answer of 19. .

In Bitcoin terms, simultaneous answers occur frequently, but at the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equivalent to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will determine by a simple majority--51 percent --that miner to honour. Typically, it is the miner who has done the most work, i.e.

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The number above has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand up to now. As you likely noticed, that number consists not just of numbers, but also letters of the alphabet. Why is that

In order to understand these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let's unpack the term"hexadecimal."

As you knowwe use the"decimal" system, which means it's base 10. This in turn means that each and every digit has 10 possibilities, 0-9.

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